Admissible Evidence: The Rules About Which Types are Admissible in Court

Evidence

Evidence is facts and information gathered to indicate that a belief is true. In legal terms, admissible evidence presented is crucial and admitted into record during both civil and criminal proceedings. In criminal law. evidence is used to prove a defendant's guilt beyond a reasonable doubt.

In civil law, an element of a case is weighed by the standard of preponderance of the evidence, which is a lower standard than "beyond a reasonable doubt.” What types of evidence are there and which ones are admissible in a court of law?

Types of Evidence:

  • Physical Evidence - Evidence from a physical object that is touchable; such as a weapon, DNA, or fingerprints.
  • Demonstrative Evidence- Can include graphs, charts, videos, x-rays, models, drawings, photographs, and video.
  • Documentary Evidence - Proof presented in writing. (Contracts, wills, and invoices.)
  • Testimonial - Testimony that was given or written by a witness under oath.
  • Digital Evidence - Proof obtained electronically from emails, hard drives, ATM transactions, cell phone logs, etc...
  • Scientific Evidence - Evidence, conforming to the accepted principles of the scientific community.
  • Exculpatory Evidence - Used in criminal cases to remove guilt from a defendant.

Essential Legal Terms Relating to Evidence

  • Circumstantial Evidence - Proof of one fact from which you could find another truth.
  • Direct Evidence - What a witness testifies under oath to seeing, hearing, or feeling.
  • Corroborating Evidence - Proof that strengthens already existing and independent evidence.
  • Hearsay - Statements made out of court and not under oath. Hearsay is generally deemed inadmissible.
  • Exclusionary Rule - Evidence obtained in violation of a defendant’s rights.

Inadmissible Evidence

A fair trial is our 6th amendment right as American citizens and to ensure a fair trial, the evidence presented must be reasonable. For evidence to be admissible and presentable to a judge and jury, it must meet state or federal court rules. Evidence must be gathered legally and meet standards of reliability and relevance. Any evidence which is unreliable or acquired illegally will not be admissible during a trial and will not go on permanent record.

Examples of Inadmissible Evidence

  • Prejudicial Evidence - This type of evidence may weigh heavily on the jury's emotion influencing their decision.
  • Hearsay - Witness testimony must be a firsthand account.
  • Defendant’s Prior History - Prior crimes unrelated to the case at hand are inadmissible in a court of law.
  • Irrelevant Information - Information about a person that is not relevant to the case, will not be admissible in court.

Ronald Chapman, Palm Beach County’s Premier Criminal Defense Attorney

Ronald Chapman knows the importance of reliable and relevant evidence and which types of evidence work best with different charges. He is an experienced defense attorney. If you are accused of a crime and need help, call Ronald Chapman to assist.

Defense Attorney West Palm Beach

Ronald Chapman practices criminal defense in both State and Federal Courts within the State of Florida. Since 1990, Mr. Chapman has been representing people accused of committing various types of crimes. If you are facing criminal charges in Florida, Ronald Chapman can help.

Schedule your FREE Consultation! Call (561) 832-4348 or visit his website.

Visit us at https://www.justiceflorida.com/ You can also connect with the West Palm Beach Criminal Defense Office online today! Ronald Chapman, an experienced criminal defense lawyer, dedicated to defending your rights. Contact him today to begin to discuss your case.

 

Ronald S. Chapman, P.A.
400 Clematis Street, Suite 206
West Palm Beach, FL 33401
561-832-4348

 

© Copyright 2018. All Rights Reserved.

 

Share This Blog

HACER UNA PREGUNTA,
DESCRIBE TU SITUACIÓN,
SOLICITA UNA CONSULTA

Llama ahora: (561) 832-4348

Contact Form Sidebar
* Campos RequeridosCampos Requeridos
Su Información Está Segura con Nosotros

Respetamos su privacidad. La información que nos brinda será utilizada para responder sus preguntas o agendar una cita si usted así lo solicita.

Follow Us On

400 Clematis St. Suite 206, West Palm Beach, FL 33401
SI TIENE PREGUNTAS O DESEA AGENDAR UNA CITA PRESIONE AQUÍ PARA LLAMAR AL (561) 832-4348
Desde 1990, el Sr. Chapman ha representado a personas que han sido acusadas de cometer delitos de varios tipos, tales como DUI, violencia doméstica, posesión de armas, posesión de drogas, eliminación de antecedentes penales, infracciones de tránsito, asesinato, homicidio involuntario, abuso infantil, delitos sexuales, abuso de personas mayores, apelaciones y violaciones de libertad condicional.
Abogado de Defensa Criminal en West Palm Beach, FL

© Propiedad Intelectual 2024. Abogado Penalista en Florida. Todos los Derechos Reservados.

linkedin facebook pinterest youtube rss twitter instagram facebook-blank rss-blank linkedin-blank pinterest youtube twitter instagram Skip to content